Teacher.co.in : A blog for Teachers.

Teachers Blog

  • Archives

  • Categories

  • Recent Posts

  • RSS Feeds

Make ABC Sponge Stamps!

October 9, 2015

What You Need:

Sponges (13 if you plan on fitting two letters per sponge)
Fine tip marker
Acrylic paints
Paper bowls (one for each color of paint)

What You Do:

Help your child trace the alphabet letters onto the sponges using a fine tip marker.
Cut the letters out of the sponges.
Pour the paints into paper bowls.
Now your child is ready to create an alphabet masterpiece! Dampen the stamps with water and squeeze out any excess water.
Have your child gently press the sponge stamp into the paint, and stamp away onto the paper. While he is making his chosen project, make sure to discuss the letters of the alphabet. Ask him to name the letters he is using, and encourage him to spell out any words or names he knows.

Phonics Fun: C is for Caterpillar

October 8, 2015

What You Need:

1 large sheet of light colored construction paper (white is best)
3-4 sheets of construction paper in various colors
5-6 large cutouts of the letter “C”, approximately 4″ tall
Crayons or washable markers

What You Do:

Begin this activity either by reading one of the many books about caterpillars or by taking a field trip outside, particularly in the spring, on a scavenger hunt for caterpillars. Children love to observe and play with these fuzzy little creatures. You may even want to talk to them or read a story about how the caterpillar will in a short time become a beautiful butterfly.

Next, return inside to begin making your very own caterpillar. Discuss how the word caterpillar begins with a “kuh” sound and ask if he remembers what letter in the alphabet makes that “kuh” sound. He may at first mention the letter K. You may need to remind him that while that’s correct, the letter K has a “twin” that sometimes makes the same sound, the letter C. Tell your child that today you are going to make a drawing that will help him remember that sometimes the letter C can make a “kuh” sound as well.

Depending on your child’s skill level with scissors, either cut for him or trace and have him cut 3-4 large letter C’s onto different colored construction paper.

Either write for him or have him write “C is for Caterpillar” at the top of the large light colored construction paper.

Have him glue the letter C cutouts to form a curvy line and make the body of a caterpillar.

Have him add to his “C” caterpillar a head with antennae legs and feet using crayons.

Encourage him to add a background as well to his picture, such as sun, grass, trees, etc.

Make an ABC, 123 Book!

October 7, 2015

What You Need:

  • Construction paper
  • 2 pieces of cardboard
  • Hole punch
  • Pipe cleaners
  • Markers and/or crayons
  • Scissors

What You Do:

  • Select a size for the book (for example, 8’ X 10”). Cut the cardboard and construction paper to match. Try reusing an old box for the cardboard. Cereal, cracker, or packing boxes work well.
  • Organize the paper for the book. One piece of cardboard should be the cover; the other piece of cardboard will be the back. The construction paper sheets will be the book’s pages. Choose as many as your child feels comfortable with to start.
  • Punch two holes on the left side of each piece of cardboard and construction paper. Place one close to the top, and the other near the bottom.
  • Have your child “sew” the book together by threading the pipe cleaners through the holes.
  • Secure the pipe cleaners by asking your child to twist each one individually. Make sure that the pipe cleaners are not twisted too tightly. This will make it difficult to open and close the book.
  • Have your child draw a creative letter-based cover. For example, ask her to choose a favorite letter, and then draw an animal that begins with that letter. Help your child to write her name on the cover.
  • Flip the book over to the back cover. This will be the numbers side. Have your child decorate this cardboard cover with a number theme.
  • The book is now ready to be filled. Start with ‘A’ on one side, and ‘1’ on the other. Your child can decorate each page by printing the letter or number and then drawing an accompanying picture. ‘A’ may be for apple, ‘1’ may have one smiley face drawn on it. Try to keep one page blank in the middle as a divider.

The ABC, 123 book making activity can be extended throughout the school year. Simply untwist the pipe cleaners and add more pages!

F is for Frog Craft

October 6, 2015

What You Need:

  • 2 plain white plates—the kind with scalloped edges that are lightweight enough to fold
  • Red and green washable tempera paint
  • Paintbrushes
  • Red or yellow “party blower”—the kind that unfurls when you blow on it
  • 2 cotton balls
  • 2 wiggly eyes
  • 1 piece of green construction paper
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Black fine-point marker

What You Do:

  1. Paint the plates: paint the underside of one plate green and paint
    the serving surface of the other plate red. Put the plates aside to dry.
  2. Use the scissors to cut four frog legs from the green construction paper.
    Each leg should be about 5 inces long and 1 inch wide. If your child can handle the scissors, have her try cutting a wavy edge onto the bottom of each frog leg to look like a froggie foot.
  3. Make sure the plates are dry enough that they can be handled.
  4. Start by stacking the plates with the green one on the bottom and the red on top, so the plain white sides facing each other.
    Help your child fold the plates sandwiched together in half across the diameter of the plates. You’ve just made a semicircular froggie head with a big red mouth space inside!
  5. Stick two froggie legs on each side of the semicircle, inserting them between the bottom green and red sandwiched layer. Now have your child use the glue to attach the frog
    legs to the green layer and then have her use the glue to attach the green layer to the red. When you’re done, make sure that the plates are folded so that there is a semicircle with legs sticking out.
  6. Glue two cotton balls onto the top green layer of the semicircle and then glue a googly eye onto each one.
  7. Now for some extra fun: Take out your party blower, and invite your child to blow it all the way out, so that it’s fully extended.
    Hold it fully spread out on a table and have your child write “F” followed by “FROG” in large black letters on the tongue.
    Be careful not to tug too hard—you want the party blower to roll right back up when you’re done!
  8. Cut a slit in the fold of your plates (where the plates are folded in half to form a semicircle) and insert the plastic blower end of the party blower all the way through so there is enough
    of the plastic end sticking out of the back to still be able to blow the "tongue" out. The extendable end should stick out of the rounded part of the semicircle. Use a few dabs of
    glue to anchor the plastic section to the plates.
  9. Invite your child, or any relative or friend, to blow the party blower. The froggie’s tongue has a delightful, homemade message: “F” is for
    “Frog” and your child is sure to remember it!

Bake a Chemistry Cake

October 4, 2015

What You Need:

  • Small bowl
  • Several sheets of aluminum foil
  • Pie pan
  • Cooking oil
  • Measuring spoons
  • Cup or mug
  • Index card
  • Pencil
  • Science journal (optional)

Ingredients for one cake:

You’ll need to measure and mix this set of ingredients four times to complete all four experiments—with the exceptions that are noted below.

  • 6 tablespoons flour
  • 3 tablespoons sugar
  • 1 pinch of salt
  • 2 or 3 pinches of baking powder
  • 2 tablespoons milk
  • 2 tablespoons cooking oil
  • ¼ teaspoon vanilla
  • Butter knife
  • ⅓ of an egg (Break egg into a cup; beat until mixed, then use approximately one third of it. Save the rest for 2 of the other cakes.)

What You Do:

  1. Wrap several sheets of aluminum foil around the outside of the small bowl to form a mold.
  2. Remove your foil “pan” and put it in the pie pan for support.
  3. Help your child coat the inside of the foil “pan” with the cooking oil, or cooking spray so the cake doesn’t stick.
  4. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.
  5. Mix all of the dry ingredients together.
  6. Now, add the wet ingredients (as stated in the ingredient list, only use one third of the egg; save the rest for the other cakes).
  7. Stir the wet and dry ingredients until they’re smooth and all the same color.
  8. Pour batter into the “pan.”
  9. Bake in the oven for 15 minutes.
  10. After 15 minutes, remove the cake from the oven, set aside, and let cool for tasting later (yum!).
  11. Label the first cake #1 on an index card. Make sure to label each cake with its number so it’s easy to identify them once they’re all baked. Then, go on to bake three more cakes, but with the following differences:
    • Leave the oil out of one. Label the cake “#2 NO OIL”
    • Leave the egg out of another. Label the cake “#3 NO EGG”
    • Leave the baking powder out of the third. Label the cake “#4 NO BAKING POWDER”
  12. After baking, have your child cut each cake in half and examine them.
    • Do the cakes look different?
    • Do they taste different?
    • What did the chemical change and use of heat do to cakes # 1–4?
  13. Discuss all of the reactions that occurred with cakes #1–4. Tell your child to write about, or draw pictures of what he observed in his journal.

Fraction Simplification

October 3, 2015

What You Need:

  • Deck of playing cards (with face cards removed)
  • Even number of players
  • Paper
  • Pencils

What You Do:

  1. Create a fraction bar sheet by drawing a line across a piece of paper. 
  2. Set up the game so that the players face one another. For each pair of two players, you’ll need to create a separate fraction game board.
  3. Shuffle the deck of cards.
  4. Distribute the deck evenly between the two players.
  5. Have the players place their decks face down in front of them.
  6. Players should begin by simultaneously turning over a card from their decks and place it on the fraction bar sheet. Each player should place one card above the fraction bar. The cards above the fraction bar represent the numerator.
  7. Then, players should place one card below the fraction bar. The card below the bar represents the denominator.
  8. There should be a card above the bar and a card below the bar, giving you four cards total.
  9. The first player to correctly simplify the fraction shown by the cards wins all four cards. If a tie results, split the cards evenly.
  10. If the fraction can’t be simplified, each player should collect the card that the other player put down and position it at the bottom of his deck.
  11. Play continues until one player has accumulated all of the cards.
  12. Alternatively, you could set a time limit on the game. When time is up, the player with the most cards wins!

Find Out Why Leaves Change Color

October 1, 2015

What You Need:

  • Leaves
  • small jar (a baby food jar work well)
  • cover for jars or aluminum foil or plastic wrap
  • rubbing alcohol
  • paper coffee filter
  • shallow pan
  • hot tap water
  • plastic knife or spoon

What You Do:

  1. Have your child collect 2-3 large leaves from the same tree type. You and your child should tear or chop the leaves into very small pieces and put them into small jars.
  2. Add enough rubbing alcohol to the jar to cover the leaves. Using a plastic knife or spoon, carefully chop and grind the leaves in the alcohol. SAFETY NOTE: rubbing alcohol can be harmful if mishandled or misused. Use in a well-ventilated area, and avoid contact with skin.
  3. Have your child cover the jar very loosely with a lid, plastic wrap or aluminum foil. Place the jar carefully into a shallow tray containing 1 inch of hot tap water.
  4. Keep the jar in the water for at least a half-hour, longer if needed, until the alcohol has become colored (the darker the better). Twirl the jar gently about every five minutes. Replace the hot water if it cools off.
  5. Have your child cut a long thin strip of coffee filter paper. Remove the jar from the water and uncovered. Place a strip of filter paper into the jar so that one end is in the alcohol. Bend the other end over the top of the jar and secure it with tape.
  6. The alcohol will travel up the paper, bringing the colors with it. After 30-90 minutes the colors will travel different distances up the paper as the alcohol evaporates. Your child should be able to see different shades of green, and possibly some yellow, orange or red, depending on the type of leaf.

What happened?

Chlorophyll is a green compound that hides the other colored pigments present in leaves. In the autumn chlorophyll breaks down, allowing the other pigments to be seen. The mix of pigments in a leaf may be separated into bands of color by the technique of paper chromatography. Chromatography involves the separation of mixtures into individual components, which you just did using alcohol and energy (heat). Then, by “absorption” and “capillarity,” separation can take place! The paper holds the substances using absorption, while capillarity pulls the substances up the paper at different rates. Pigments are separated on the paper and show up as colored streaks or bands.

Keep a Candle Burning Underwater!

September 30, 2015

What You Need:

  • Taper candle
  • Large bowl
  • Duct tape
  • Cigarette lighter or candle
  • Cold water
  • Scissors

What You Do:

  1. Have your child cut off four 4” lengths of duct tape.
  2. Invite him to fasten the candle to the bottom of the bowl with duct tape.
  3. Help him fill the bowl with water just to the top of the candle. Be careful not to submerge the wick!
  4. Light the candle for your child. Instruct him to be careful of the open flame!
  5. Encourage your child to observe what happens. The candle should burn all the way to the bottom of the bowl, leaving a thin tube of wax.

What Happened?

If you had lit and burned the candle in a waterless bowl, it would have burned normally and eventually consumed the whole candle. This is caused by the action of both heat flow and a high temperature.

How to Make a Bouncy Ball

September 29, 2015

What You Need:

  • Glue 
  • Cornstarch 
  • Borax 
  • Lukewarm water
  • Food coloring
  • Heavy spoon that won’t bend easily
  • Measuring spoons 
  • 2 plastic containers (old margarine tubs work well)
  • Plastic baggie with zip top 
  • Permanent marker
  • Clock
  • Ruler 

What You Do:

  1. Have your child add 2 tablespoons of lukewarm water to an empty plastic container. Help him measure ½ teaspoon of Borax and add to the water. Stir until the Borax has dissolved completely.
  2. If you want the balls to have a specific color, add a few drops of food coloring. How deep you want the color is up to you. For a darker, truer color, add more drops. For a more translucent color, add less.
  3. Ask your child to measure one tablespoon of glue and dump it into the second empty plastic container.
  4. Help him add ½ teaspoon of the Borax and water solution as well as 1 tablespoon of cornstarch to the glue. Don’t start stirring immediately. Wait 20 to 30 seconds to begin.
  5. Now tell your child to stir, mixing the ingredients completely. When the mixture becomes too hard to stir, remove it from the plastic container and have your child knead it between his hands. He should begin to form the mixture into the shape of a ball.
  6. The ball will start off being a little sticky, but it’ll harden as it dries. Once it’s dry, it should bounce. Set this ball aside and make additional balls until you have the perfect number.
  7. After you’re done bouncing, store the balls in the plastic baggie.

Making Wind Chimes

September 26, 2015

What You Need:

  • Multi-colored beads
  • Small brass bells
  • Buttons
  • Yarn, cut into 7-9 pieces at least 6″ long
  • Paper tape
  • Scissors
  • Cardboard, pre-cut into a circle
  • Hole Punch

What You Do:

  1. Help your child wrap a small piece of paper tape to one end of each piece of yarn to help make lacing easier.
  2. On the opposite end, help her tie a bead in place.
  3. Help her punch holes in the cardboard circle where the laced wind chimes will be attached. Make sure to punch one additional hole in the center.
  4. Have your child create different patterns while she threads each string. Encourage her to play with various textures by using different sizes of beads and bells.
  5. Ask her to leave at least 2″ on the top of each piece of yarn bead-free.
  6. Help your child tie on and knot each of the threaded pieces of yarn to the holes in the cardboard disc. Leave the hole in the center open.
  7. After all of the strings are tied in place, thread one more piece of yarn through the center hole and knot it from below.
  8. Hang the finished wind chime up and enjoy breezy jingles!

Privacy Policy & Terms of Use